The dealer gives the player two cards and himself two cards (1 card face up, the other face down).

Blackjack Card Values : In blackjack, all cards count their face value: face cards = 10, the ace either as 1 or 11. The color of the cards has no meaning in blackjack. The sum of a hand is the sum of the card values ​​in the hand.

The players have to decide whether they want to  hold (stand),  pull (hit),  give up (surrender),  double (double down) or split (split).

The dealer is the last to act and must hit (16) or less and hold (17) from 17 to 21.

Players win if their blackjack hand is higher than the croupier’s, or if they have 21 or less,  or if the croupier busted, i.e. H. if it exceeds 21.


You are reading this guide because you either want to learn how to play blackjack or how to win at blackjack.

You have come to the right place because I have been working on this manual for 50 years. I’ve been playing, studying, writing and teaching blackjack for just as long. I’ll tell you everything I’ve learned about this fascinating game. Are you ready? Well, let’s get started


In this first chapter you will learn more about:

The history of blackjack, especially its roots, how “21” became “blackjack” and who were the pioneers who developed the first basic game strategies for blackjack. How blackjack “differs” from other casino games and how we can take advantage of this difference; why the casino always has an advantage over a player and what we can do about it.

Before you start learning how to play blackjack , you need to familiarize yourself (figuratively) with the terrain and learn the blackjack rules – especially the basic rules, the goal of the game and a few rules of conduct that should be followed when playing ,


I often shake my head in disgust when I pick up a brochure titled “How to Play Blackjack” in a casino. They all agree that the aim of the game is to get as close as possible to 21 points. Not correct!

The goal of blackjack is to hit the dealer’s hand in one of the following ways:

1) have a total that is above that of the dealer

2) have no more than 21 if the dealer has over 21.


Each card in blackjack has the value shown. Face cards count 10 and the ace counts either 1 or 11. Card colors have no meaning in blackjack. The sum of a hand is the sum of the hand’s card values. A hand from 4-5-8 gives 17. Another hand with a queen and 5 gives 15. It is always assumed that the ace counts 11, unless the hand would exceed 21 in total. In this case the ace gets a value of 1 again.Counting blackjack cards


If the hand of a player or dealer exceeds 21 in total, it is called busting. (Sometimes the term “break” is used when the dealer’s hand exceeds 21.) If a player got 10-6, drew another card that was a 9, the player busted (overbought) (because his hand is 25) ).


Hard hand is a hand that either does not contain an ace or if it contains an ace, this is counted as 1. Example: 10-8 is a hard (hard) 18; 5-A-10-2 is a hard 18. A hand that contains an ace counted as 11 is always considered a soft hand. Example: A-5 is a soft 16; A-2-5 is a soft 18; and 3-2-A-3 is a soft 19. If your first two cards contain an ace, count the ace as 11. If you are dealt a soft hand and draw more cards, your soft hand often closes a hard (hard) hand. Suppose a player gets a 5-A and thus a Soft 16 and draws another card. Suppose the card drawn was a 6. The player now has a hard 12 (ie you can never bust if you draw another card with a soft hand). You have to know the difference between a hard and soft hand in blackjack, because the game strategy is often very different, even if the total of the hand is the same. For example, 10-6 (Hard 16) is played differently than A-5 (Soft 16).

Blackjack chips in hands

Blackjack is played on a semicircular table covered with a felt cloth and usually offers space for up to 7 players. In front of each player there is a circle, sometimes a square field, the so-called betting field, in which the bet with casino chips is placed. A trained casino dealer distributes the cards strictly according to the casino protocol, collects loser bets, pays the winning bets and is usually responsible for keeping the game going at a comfortable pace.

Most casinos do not use cash for wagers. You must use casino chips or “checks”. To buy chips, simply sit down at a blackjack table, wait for the dealer to complete the current round, put your money on the table and ask the dealer for chips. The dealer will exchange your money for chips and push the chips towards you. Be sure to place the chips neatly in front of you. Most casinos allow players to play more than one hand in a round, provided there are empty seats at the table. In this case, the player must place a bet in each betting field for which they want to get a hand. In most casinos, a player must bet twice the minimum bet for each hand when playing more than one hand.

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